National Egg Day – June 3, 2021
Egg consumption by humans dates back to the beginning of agriculture during the Neolithic Age, so a really long time ago! It may be hard for us to imagine eating eggs that aren’t from a chicken but the Chinese ate pigeon eggs and ostrich egg consumption dates back to the time of the Phoenicians.
Ostrich eggs are the largest egg being 5.9 inches long, 5.1 inches wide, and weighs 3 – 5 pounds. People still eat ostrich eggs today. Chicken eggs, however, are divided into various sizes: jumbo, extra-large, large, medium, small, and peewee, with their weight ranging between 1.25 and 2.50 ounces.
When Columbus sailed to North America for the second time in 1493, domesticated birds were introduced.
No matter the size or variety, eggs are very nutrient-dense, inexpensive, low calorie, easy to obtain, and easy to prepare.
The American Heart association once discouraged eating eggs due to their high cholesterol content. But after 20+ years of study, eggs are again deemed a healthy addition to our diets.
With science on our side, we can once again enjoy the wonderfully nutritious egg. Along with milk, eggs contain the highest biological value (or gold standard) for protein. One egg has only 75 calories but 7 grams of high-quality protein, 5 grams of fat, and 1.6 grams of saturated fat, along with iron, vitamins, minerals, and carotenoids.
The egg is a powerhouse of disease-fighting nutrients like lutein and zeaxanthin. These carotenoids may reduce the risk of age-related macular degeneration, the leading cause of blindness in older adults. And brain development and memory may be enhanced by the choline content of eggs. (Source: WebMD)
Celebrate National Egg Day with this EFNEP Green Eggs and Ham recipe: Green Eggs and Ham Muffins